One of the hallmarks of the conflicts in Syria and Iraq is that odd weapons show up. From guns from World War Two to new productions, there is a good chance it will show up in the hands of a fighter. The Croatian VHS-2 bullpup rifle has shown up originally in 2013 and 2014 in Syria in the hands of Pro Government militant, and has been seen in the hands of Syrian Regime forces and rebels, Kurds and Iraqi Government force and the black-market.
The rifle design is fairly new, having entered service in Croatia in 2009 and the upgraded VHS-2 in 2014. It is a replacement for the HK G36 and can accept STANAG magazines and G36 magazines. The manufacturer HS Produkt supplied the Iraqi government and Kurdish forces with the rifles and some have made their way into Syria.
Caliber: 5.56 x 45 mm
Overall length: 765 mm
Barrel length: 500 mm
Width: 55 mm
Weight (unloaded): 3.52 kg (standard frame) / 3.54 kg (Picatinny rail frame)
Rate of fire: 860 rounds per minute
Magazine capacity: 30 rounds